Tsev > Exhibition > Ntsiab lus

Computer architecture keeb kwm

Mar 11, 2019


Thawj thawj lub computer architecture yog nyob hauv tsab xov xwm ntawm Charles Babbage thiab Ada Lovelace, piav txog lub cav tshawb xyuas. Thaum tsim lub tshuab computer Z1 hauv 1936, Konrad Zuse tau piav txog ob daim ntawv thov patent rau nws cov haujlwm yav tom ntej uas cov tshuab cov lus qhia yuav raug khaws cia rau hauv tib lub chaw khaws cia rau cov ntaub ntawv, piv txwv li cov kev txuag kev zov me nyuam. Ob tug lwm yam tseem ceeb thiab tseem ceeb ua piv txwv yog:


John von Neumann tus ntawv 1945, Thawj Tsab Ntawv ntawm Daim Ntawv Tshaj Qhia rau EDVAC, uas tau piav qhia txog lub koom haum ntawm cov ncauj lus tshiab; thiab

Alan Turing lub ncauj lus tshaj tawm Lub Tshuab Tshuab Hluav Taws Xob (Electronic Calculator Engine), tseem muaj 1945 thiab uas tau muab John von Neumann daim ntawv.

Lub ntsiab lus ntawm "architecture" hauv computer ntaub ntawv tuaj yeem siv mus ua haujlwm ntawm Lyle R. Johnson thiab Frederick P. Brooks, Jr., cov tswv cuab ntawm Lub Koom Haum Lub Chaw Haujlwm hauv IBM lub ntsiab kev tshawb fawb hauv xyoo 1959. Johnson tau muaj lub cib fim mus sau ib qho tshwj xeeb kev tshawb nrhiav kev sib txuas lus ntawm Stretch, uas yog tsim los ntawm IBM tus kws kho mob tsim los ntawm Los Alamos National Laboratory (thaum lub sij hawm hu ua Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory). Los piav qhia txog theem kev qhia txog kev siv lub tshuab luam yeeb khoom plig, nws tau sau tseg tias nws cov lus piav qhia, cov hom kev qhia, kev kho vajtse, thiab kev txhim kho kom yooj yim nyob rau theem ntawm "system architecture" - ib lub sij hawm zoo li " . "


Tom qab ntawd, Brooks, tus qauv tsim Stretch, pib Tshooj 2 ntawm phau ntawv (Planning Computer System: Project Stretch, ed W. Buchholz, 1962) sau ntawv,

Lub computer architecture, zoo li lwm yam architecture, yog kos duab rau kev txiav txim siab cov kev xav tau ntawm tus neeg siv ntawm cov qauv thiab tom qab ntawd tsim kom muaj cov kev xav tau zoo npaum li tsim nyog nyob hauv kev lag luam thiab kev lag luam.


Brooks tuaj pab tsim IBM System / 360 (tam sim no hu ua IBM zSeries) ntawm cov computers, uas yog "architecture" los ua tus txhais tias "tus neeg siv yuav tsum paub". Tom qab ntawd, cov neeg siv computer tau los siv cov lus nyob hauv ntau txoj kev tsis tshua pom tseeb.


Lub computer architectures ntxov yog tsim los ntawm ntawv thiab ces ncaj qha los ua rau hauv daim ntawv kho mob kawg. Tom qab ntawd, lub computer architecture prototypes tau ua lub cev los ntawm daim ntawv ntawm transistor-transistor logic (TTL) lub computer - xws li cov qauv ntawm 6800 thiab cov kev xeem PA-RISC, thiab tweaked, ua ntej ua tiav rau daim ntawv kho mob kawg. Raws li ntawm xyoo 1990, lub computer architectures tshiab yog feem ntau "ua", kuaj, thiab tweaked-hauv lwm lub computer architecture hauv computer simulator; los yog hauv ib qho FPGA ua ib qho muag microprocessor; los yog ob qho tib si-ua ntej txiav txim siab rau daim ntawv kho mob kawg.