Tsev > Exhibition > Ntsiab lus

Firmware hacking

Mar 11, 2019

Qee lub sij hawm, peb tog tsim ib qho tshiab lossis hloov kho ("aftermarket") version of firmware los muab cov yam tshiab los qhib cov kev ua haujlwm hauv qab; qhov no raug xa mus rau kev cai ruaj khov. Ib qho piv txwv yog Rockbox ua ib qho kev hloov lag luam hloov rau cov tub xov xwm tshaj tawm. Muaj ntau ntau homebrew hom phiaj rau ntau yam khoom siv, uas feem ntau tau qhib kev lag luam dav dav hauv cov khoom siv yav dhau los (xws li, khiav Doom rau iPods).


Firmware hacks feem ntau yog coj kom zoo dua ntawm qhov chaw tsim kho khoom lag luam nyob rau ntau lub nruab rau nruab los yog khiav lawv tus kheej. Ib txhia, tab sis, yuav tsum tau siv kev siv khiav, vim hais tias cov khw tau sim xauv qhov kev kho vaj tse kom tsis txhob khiav tawm txoj cai tsis raug cai.


Feem ntau cov software hacks yog dawb software.


HDD firmware hacks

Lub Lavxias Kaspersky Lab pom tias pawg neeg ntawm cov neeg tsim nws siv los ua pawg "Equation Group" tau tsim kho cov disk drive firmware hloov kho rau ntau tsav qauv, muaj ib tug nees trojan uas pub cov ntaub ntawv khaws tseg rau hauv qhov chaw uas yuav tsis tau muab tshem tawm tab txawm yog tus tsav yog teeb tsa los sis ua kom poob. [8] Txawm hais tias Kaspersky Lab daim ntawv qhia tsis tau hais meej tias pawg neeg no yog ib feem ntawm lub koom haum National Security Agency (NSA), cov pov thawj uas tau txais los ntawm cov cai ntawm ntau pab pawg neeg Software pom zoo hais tias lawv yog ib feem ntawm NSA.


Cov kws tshawb fawb los ntawm Kaspersky Lab yog categorized qhov kev ua Lag Luam los ntawm Equation Group ua qhov kev tshaj plaws nyiag nkas kev lag luam puas tau ntes, tseem teev cia nyob ib ncig ntawm 500 kab mob uas yog los ntawm Pawg Sib Koom nyob hauv 42 lub teb chaws.