Tsev > Exhibition > Ntsiab lus

Siv Phom Taws Keeb Kwm

Mar 11, 2019

Ascher Opler coined lub sij hawm "firmware" nyob rau hauv ib tsab xov xwm 1967 Datamation. Asmeskas, nws txhais cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv sau cia cov ntaub ntawv (ib qho tshwj xeeb me me tshwj xeeb), muaj microcode uas tau txhais thiab ua raws li lub computer cov lus qhia, thiab nws yuav rov qab txhawm rau los yog hloov cov lus qhia ua hauv chav ua haujlwm (CPU) yuav coj. Raws li keeb xeeb siv, firmware contrasted nrog kho vajtse (CPU nws tus kheej) thiab software (cov lus qhia ua executing ntawm ib CPU). Nws tsis yog tsim ntawm CPU tshuab cov lus qhia, tab sis cov qib qis microcode koom tes nrog kev siv lub tshuab cov lus qhia. Nws muaj nyob rau ntawm tus ciam teb thiab software; yog li lub npe "firmware". Txij lub sij hawm, siv cov kev pab txuas ntxiv rau lo lus "firmware" los ua kom pom lwm lub computer program uas yog nruj nreem txuas rau khoom kho, xws li kev siv tshuab cov lus qhia rau BIOS, bootstrap loaders, los yog cov kev tswj lub tshuab hluav taws xob xws li lub qhov cub microwave, lossis computer peripheral.