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Cov ntaub ntawv siv

Cov ntaub ntawv siv

Mar 11, 2019

Cov khoom siv hluav taws xob (IA) yog lub khoom siv uas tsim los ua kom yooj yim rau kev ua haujlwm xws li ntaus suab paj nruag, thaij duab, lossis kho cov ntawv nyeem.


Cov kev piv txwv yog cov ntse thiab cov neeg pabcuam digital (PDAs). Cov khoom siv ntu ib feem sib tshooj txhais tau, lossis qee zaus hu ua smart devices, embedded systems, mobile devices lossis wireless devices.


Appliance vs khoos phis tawj

Lub sij hawm cov ntaub ntawv siv tau siv los ntawm Jeff Raskin ncig 1979. Raws li tom qab piav qhia los ntawm Donald Norman nyob rau hauv nws influential Lub Invisible Computer, cov yam ntxwv tseem ceeb ntawm IA, raws li tsis zoo rau txhua lub computer, tau:


tsim thiab tsim kho ua ntej rau ib daim ntawv teev npe (xws li lub tshuab ua khoom ua si, uas yog tsim los ua kom toast),

thiaj li yooj yim mus siv rau untrained neeg, hais tias nws zoo ua unnoticeable, "invisible" rau lawv,

tuaj yeem tso tawm cov ntaub ntawv nrog lwm tus IAs.

Lub ntsiab txhais ntawm IA no txawv ntawm hnub no. Jef Raskin pib sim muaj xws li cov qauv hauv Apple Macintosh, uas nws tsim, tab sis nws thiaj li qhov project tau mus txawv txoj kev. Rau ib ntus thaum lub sijhawm nrab thiab lig 1980s, muaj ob peb yam qauv ntawm cov tshuab hluav taws xob yooj yim nrog cov ntxaij vab tshaus thiab ib hom kev nco cia. Cov najnpawb sau lo lus cav machine muaj qee tus cwj pwm ntawm cov khoom siv, thiab Raskin tsim ib qho ntawm lawv, Canon Cat. Nws piav qhia txog qee yam khoom ntawm nws txhais cov lus qhia hauv nws phau ntawv The Humane Interface.


Larry Ellison, Oracle Corporation CEO, kwv yees tias cov ntaub ntawv siv hluav taws xob thiab network computers yuav supersede tus kheej computers (PCs). Qhov twv ua ntej no tseem tsis tau muaj tseeb.