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Software engineering Kev Ua Haujlwm

Mar 08, 2019

Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Cog Haujlwm ntawm Tebchaws Meskas yog 1,256,200 software tsim tawm (Engineers) tuav haujlwm hauv Tebchaws Amelikas hauv xyoo 2016. Kev ua haujlwm ntawm lub computer thiab cov haujlwm ua haujlwm technology yog kwv yees li 13 feem pua ntawm xyoo 2016 txog 2026, sai dua qhov nruab nrab rau txhua txoj haujlwm. Cov hauj lwm no yog kwv yees ntxiv txog 557,100 hauj lwm tshiab. Kev thov rau cov neeg ua hauj lwm yuav qev los ntawm kev ua huab sib huab, khaws thiab cia cov ntaub ntawv loj, thiab kev ruaj ntseg ntawm cov ntaub ntawv. Tsis tas li ntawd, lub BLS tseem hais tias qee qhov haujlwm hauv cov haujlwm no qeeb thiab cov kws qhia tawm hauv computer tau npaj siab poob 7 feem pua ntawm xyoo 2016 txog 2026 txij li thaum lub computer programming ua tau los ntawm txhua qhov chaw hauv ntiaj teb, cov tuam txhab tau qee tus ntiav cov neeg khiav haujlwm hauv cov teb chaws uas them nyiaj tsawg [ 36]. Vim yog nws txoj kev kawm tshiab ua ib txoj kev kawm, kev qhia ntawv hauv software engineering feem ntau qhia raws li kev kawm hauv computer science, thiab ntau lub software engineers tuav cov qauv kawm computer thiab tsis muaj kev thev naus laus zis engineering.


Muaj ntau lub software engineers ua haujlwm los ua tus neeg ua haujlwm lossis cov neeg ua haujlwm. Software engineers ua hauj lwm nrog cov lag luam, tsoom fwv cov koom haum (pej xeem los yog tub rog), thiab cov koom haum tsis koom tes. Qee cov software engineers ua hauj lwm rau lawv tus kheej li freelancers. Qee lub koom haum muaj cov kws tshwj xeeb ua txhua yam haujlwm hauv kev txhim kho software. Lwm cov koom haum yuav tsum muaj cov software engineers los ua ntau los sis tag nrho lawv. Hauv cov dej num loj, tib neeg tsuas yog khomob tshwj xeeb tshaj li ib txoj haujlwm xwb. Hauv cov haujlwm me, tib neeg yuav sau ob peb los yog tag nrho cov luag hauj lwm tib lub sijhawm. Cov kev kawm tshwj xeeb muaj xws li: cov kws tshuaj (kws tshuaj, cov kws tshawb fawb, cov neeg tsim khoom, cov neeg tshawb xyuas, cov kev pabcuam, cov kws tshaj lij, cov thawj tswj) thiab hauv kev kawm (cov xibfwb, cov kws tshawb fawb).


Feem ntau cov software engineers thiab programmers ua haujlwm 40 teev hauv ib lub lis piam, tiam sis kwv yees li ntawm 15 feem pua ntawm cov software engineers thiab 11 feem pua ntawm cov neeg tsim cai ua haujlwm ntau tshaj 50 teev hauv ib lub hlis xyoo 2008. Cov kev raug mob hauv cov hauj lwm no yog ua tau vim tias lwm tus neeg ua haujlwm uas siv sijhawm ntev ua ntej ntawm lub computer lub davhlau ya nyob twg ntaus ntawv ntawm cov keyboard, engineers thiab programmers yog raug rau qhov muag, rov qab tsis xis nyob, thiab tes thiab lub dab teg xws li carpal qhov syndrome. [