Tsev > Exhibition > Ntsiab lus

Zog ntawm lub nti

Mar 08, 2019

Lub kaw lus ntawm lub chip los yog lub kaw lus ntawm chip (SoC / ˌɛsˌoʊsiː / es-oh-SEE los yog / sɒk / sock) [nb 1] yog ib qho kev sib xyuas (tseem hu ua "chip") uas ua ke tag nrho cov khoom ntawm lub computer lossis lwm lub tshuab hluav taws xob. Cov khoom no feem ntau muaj xws li ib chav ua haujlwm hauv nruab nrab (CPU), nco, cov khoom siv tawm tswv yim / tso tawm thiab lwm yam khoom qub - tag nrho rau ntawm ib qho chaw qis xwb. Tej zaum nws yuav muaj digital, analog, mixed-teeb liab, thiab feem ntau cov xov tooj cua zaus ua haujlwm khiav haujlwm, nyob ntawm daim ntawv thov. Raws li lawv tau muab tso rau hauv ib qho hluav taws xob substrate nkaus xwb, SoCs haus tsawg zog thiab siv thaj tsam ntau dua cov ntiv taw uas muaj kev sib npaug. Vim li no, SoCs muaj ntau heev nyob rau hauv kev xam mobile thiab ntug kev lag luam. Lub tshuab nyob rau nti feem ntau yog siv rau hauv lub tshuab nruab thiab qhov Internet.


Lub tshuab ntawm Chip yog nyob rau hauv sib piv rau cov qauv tsoos niam motherboard based PC architecture, uas cais cov cheebtsam raws li muaj nuj nqi thiab txuas lawv los ntawm lub hauv paus tswj kev sib tham ntawm lub rooj sib tham. Whereas ib lub tsev niam tsev thiab txuas cov khoom ntim khoom los sis cov khoom hloov mus, SoCs muab tagnrho cov khoom sib txuas ua ke rau hauv ib qho kev ua haujlwm nkaus xwb, txhais tau hais tias tag nrho cov kev siv tau ua rau lub niam ntawv. Ib qho SoC feem ntau yuav muab sib txuas ua ke nrog CPU, graphics thiab nco interfaces, nyuaj-disk thiab USB connectivity, random-nkag thiab nyeem tsuas-tsuas nco thiab theem nrab ntawm ib lub voj voog tuag xwb, whereas lub niam ntawv yuav txuas cov qauv no yog cov khoom sib cais lossis cov ntawv cog lus .


Ntsig ntau lub computer tsim qauv tsim cov kev ua tau zoo thiab txo hwj chim noj zoo li lub semiconductor tuag cheeb tsam uas tsim nyog rau ib qho qauv tsim ntawm discrete modules, ntawm tus nqi txo qhov hloov ntawm Cheeb Tsam. Ntawm lub ntsiab txhais, SoC designs yog tag nrho los sis ze li ntawm kev sib thooj nyob hauv cov khoom sib txawv. Rau cov laj thawj no, tau muaj kev sib txuas ntawm kev sib koom ua ke ntawm cov khoom siv hauv computer kev ua lag luam, vim yog vim li cas ntawm SoCs thiab cov tshooj lus uas kawm los ntawm kev lag luam mobile thiab embedded. Systems-on-Chip tuaj yeem pom tau tias yog ib feem ntawm kev sib txig ntawm kev ua lag luam thiab kho vajtse acceleration.


Ib SoC integrates ib microcontroller los yog microprocessor nrog siab peripherals zoo li graphics ua chav tsev (GPU), Wi-Fi module, los yog ib tug los yog ntau dua coprocessors. Zoo li ua li cas lub microcontroller integrates tus microprocessor nrog peripheral circuits thiab nco, lub SoC yuav pom li integrating ib microcontroller nrog txawm ntau tshaj peripherals. Rau cov txheej txheem ntawm kev sib txuas ntawm cov cheebtsam, saib kev sib tos.