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Zog ntawm lub nti (SoCs) Hom

Mar 08, 2019

Zog ntawm lub nti (SoCs)


Lub kaw lus ntawm lub chip los yog lub kaw lus hauv chip (SoC / ˌɛsˌoʊsiː / es-oh-SEE los yog / sɒk / sock) yog ib qho kev sib cog ua ke (tseem hu ua "chip") uas ua ke tag nrho cov khoom ntawm lub computer lossis lwm lub tshuab hluav taws xob. Cov khoom no feem ntau muaj xws li ib chav ua haujlwm hauv nruab nrab (CPU), nco, cov khoom siv tawm tswv yim / tso tawm thiab lwm yam khoom qub - tag nrho rau ntawm ib qho chaw qis xwb. Tej zaum nws yuav muaj digital, analog, mixed-teeb liab, thiab feem ntau cov xov tooj cua zaus ua haujlwm khiav haujlwm, nyob ntawm daim ntawv thov. Raws li lawv tau muab tso rau hauv ib qho hluav taws xob substrate nkaus xwb, SoCs haus tsawg zog thiab siv thaj tsam ntau dua cov ntiv taw uas muaj kev sib npaug. Vim li no, SoCs muaj ntau heev nyob rau hauv kev xam mobile thiab ntug kev lag luam. Lub tshuab nyob rau nti feem ntau yog siv rau hauv lub tshuab nruab thiab qhov Internet.


Feem ntau, muaj plaub qho hom kev ua SoCs:


SoCs tau ua ib ncig microcontroller (μC),

SoCs tau ua ib ncig ntawm ib lub microprocessor (μP), feem ntau pom muaj nyob hauv xov tooj ntawm tes;

Cov SoCs tshwj xeeb uas tau tsim los rau cov kev siv rau hauv uas tsis haum rau hauv ob seem saum toj no, thiab

Programmable systems-on-chip (PSoC), nyob qhov twg feem ntau qhov ua haujlwm tau tas tab sis qee qhov kev ua haujlwm yog kev rov ua haujlwm zoo ib yam zoo li lub qhov rooj uas muaj peev xwm ua tau.


AMD Am286ZX / LX, SoC raws Intel 80286

Daim ntaub ntawv

Systems-on-chip tuaj yeem siv rau cov haujlwm ua haujlwm. Txawm li cas los xij, feem ntau lawv siv cov xov tooj hauv kev lag luam xws li cov ntsiav tshuaj, smartphones, smartwatches thiab netbooks raws li cov txheej txheem hauv nruab thiab hauv cov ntawv sau tau siv cov microcontrollers yav dhau los.