Tsev > Exhibition > Ntsiab lus

Txoj kev loj hlob keeb kwm ntawm kov screen

May 12, 2017

EA Johnson ntawm lub noob nom noob tswv Radar Tsim, Malvern piav nws ua hauj lwm rau capacitive touchscreens nyob rau hauv ib tug luv luv hauv tsab xov xwm luam tawm nyob rau hauv 1965 thiab ces ntau siab-nrog cov duab thiab cov kev kos duab-nyob rau hauv ib tsab xov xwm luam tawm nyob rau hauv 1967.The daim ntawv thov uas kov technology rau pa tsheb tswj tau piav nyob rau hauv ib tsab xov xwm luam tawm nyob rau hauv 1968. Frank Beck thiab Bent Stumpe, engineers los ntawm CERN, tsim ib pob tshab touchscreen nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov 1970 tus, raws li nyob rau hauv Stumpe lub chaw ua hauj lwm ntawm lub TV Hoobkas nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov 1960 's. Ces manufactured los ntawm CERN, nws twb muab rau siv nyob rau hauv 1973. Ib tug resistive touchscreen yog tsim los ntawm American inventor George Xamuyee Hurst, uas tau txais US patent # 3,911,215 rau Lub kaum hli ntuj 7, 1975. Thawj version twb ua nyob rau hauv 1982.


Nyob rau hauv 1972, ib pab pawg neeg nyob hauv University of Illinois ua ntaub ntawv rau ib tug patent rau ib tug kho qhov muag touchscreen uas los ua ib tug qauv yog ib feem ntawm lub Magnavox Plato IV Student Terminal thiab Txhiab tau ua rau lub hom phiaj no. Cov touchscreens muaj ib tug hla array ntawm 16 los ntawm 16 infrared txoj hauj lwm sensors, txhua muaj li ntawm ib tug LED rau ib tug ntug ntawm qhov kev tshuaj ntsuam thiab ib tug sib phim phototransistor nyob rau lwm yam ntug, tag nrho cov kev txhawb nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej ntawm ib tug monochrome ntshav zaub vaj huam sib luag. Qhov no arrangement yuav paub tej muab ntiv tes-sized opaque kwv nyob rau hauv ze sib thooj mus rau lub screen. Ib tug zoo xws li cov touchscreen twb siv nyob rau hauv HP-150 starting nyob rau hauv 1983; qhov no yog ib tug ntawm lub ntiaj teb no tus earliest coj mus muag touchscreen computers. HP mounted lawv infrared transmitters thiab receivers ib ncig ntawm lub bezel ntawm ib tug 9 "Sony cathode Ray Tube (CRT).


Nyob rau hauv 1984, Fujitsu tso ib tug kov ncoo rau lub Micro 16, kam nrog rau complexity ntawm kanji cim, uas tau muab ua tiled graphics. [14] Nyob rau hauv 1985, Sega tso lub Terebi Oekaki, kuj hu ua tus Sega Graphic Board, rau lub SG-1000 video ua si console thiab SC-3000 tsev computer. Nws muaj ib lub hnab yas cwj mem thiab ib lub hnab yas board nrog ib tug pob tshab qhov rai uas tus cwj mem presses nrhiav. Nws twb siv feem ntau rau ib qho software daim ntawv thov. Ib tug nraaj touch ntsiav tshuaj twb tso tawm rau lub Sega AI Computer nyob rau hauv 1986.


Kov-sensitive Control-zaub Chav (CDUs) tau soj ntsuam rau coj mus muag aircraft davhlau decks nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov 1980 's. Initial kev tshawb fawb pom tias ib tug kov interface yuav txo tsav workload li cov neeg coob yuav xaiv Waypoints, zog thiab cov kev ua, es yuav tsum tau "lub taub hau down" typing nyob rau hauv latitudes, longitudes, thiab waypoint cov lis dej num rau ib tug keyboard. Ib tug zoo kev koom ua ke ntawm no technology tau tswj pab davhlau crews muaj ib tug high-theem ntawm situational khiav ntawm tag nrho cov loj yam ntawm lub tsheb ua hauj lwm nrog rau nws cov davhlau txoj kev, hauj lwm ntawm ntau yam aircraft systems, thiab lub sij hawm ntawd-rau-lub sij hawm ntawd tib neeg kev sib tshuam.


Nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov 1980 tus, General cov Motors lwm yam tasked nws Delco Electronics division nrog ib tug project tswj hloov ib lub tsheb tus uas tsis yog qhov tseem ceeb functions (ie lwm tshaj throttle, kis tau tus mob, braking thiab kauj) los ntawm cov neeg kho tshuab los yog electro-mechanical nruab nrog khoom hauv lub xeev lwm txoj kev peb txog qhov twg tau. Lub tiav lawm ntaus dubbed lub Ecc rau "Hauv Control Center", ib cov computer thiab software tswj system hardwired mus rau ntau yam peripheral sensors, servos, solenoids, kav hlau txais xov thiab ib tug monochrome CRT touchscreen uas functioned ob yam li zaub thiab ib txoj kev tawm tswv yim. Lub Ecc hloov cov tsoos txhua yam tso suab, kiv cua, rhaub thiab cua txias ntawm lwm yam uas thiab qhia, thiab yog muaj peev xwm muab kev heev ncauj lus kom ntxaws thiab tej ntaub ntawv hais txog lub tsheb tus cumulative thiab tam sim no khiav hauj lwm raws li txoj cai nyob rau hauv lub sij hawm. Lub Ecc yog standard khoom nyob rau hauv 1985-89 Buick Riviera thiab tom qab lub 1988-89 Buick Reatta, tab sis yog unpopular nrog tau txais kev pab tej vim lub technophobia ntawm tej tsoos Buick cov neeg muas zaub, tiam sis feem ntau vim hais tias ntawm kim los kho kev teeb meem raug kev txom nyem los ntawm cov Ecc tus touchscreen uas yog tus tib tug nkag txoj kev, yuav kav nyab xeeb kev tswj los yog lub tso suab lub lag luam tsis yooj yim sua.


Multi-kov technology pib nyob rau hauv 1982, thaum lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Toronto lub tswv yim tshawb fawb Group tsim thawj nkawm-tswv yim multi-kov system, siv ib tug frosted-iav vaj huam sib luag nrog lub koob yees duab muab tso rau tom qab daim iav. Nyob rau hauv 1985, lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Toronto pab pawg neeg xws li Bill Buxton tsim ib tug multi-kov ntsiav tshuaj uas siv capacitance es tua lub koob yees duab raws li kho qhov muag tsoov tshuab (saib Keeb kwm ntawm multi-kov).


Nyob rau hauv 1986, thawj graphical point ntawm kev muag khoom software twb pom hais tias nyob rau hauv lub 16-ntsis Atari 520ST xim computer. Nws featured ib cov xim touchscreen widget-tsav interface. Lub ViewTouch point ntawm kev muag khoom software twb xub qhia los ntawm nws tsim tawm, Noob Mosher, nyob caij nplooj zeeg Comdex, 1986, nyob rau hauv Las Vegas, Nevada rau qhua nyob rau Atari Computer ua qauv qhia cheeb tsam thiab yog tus thawj muag muaj POS system nrog ib tug widget-tsav xim duab touchscreen interface.


Nyob rau hauv 1987, Casio launched rau Casio PB-1000 hnab tshos computer nrog ib tug touchscreen muaj ib tug 4x4 matrix, ua nyob rau hauv 16 kev kov tej thaj chaw nyob rau hauv nws me me LCD duab screen.


Kom txog rau thaum 1988 touchscreens muaj qhov phem lub koob npe nrov yog imprecise. Feem ntau cov neeg siv interface phau ntawv yuav qhia hais tias touchscreens selections tau tas rau lub hom phaj loj tshaj qhov nruab nrab cov ntiv tes. Thaum lub sij hawm, xaiv tau ua nyob rau hauv xws li ib tug txoj kev uas ib lub hom phiaj twb xaiv raws li sai li sai cov ntiv tes tuaj rau nws, thiab coj qhov kev txiav txim twb tau tam sim ntawd. Uas tsis tau ntau, vim parallax los yog calibration teeb meem, ua rau siab. Ib tug tshiab lub tswv yim hu ua "nyom-off zoo" twb qhia los ntawm kev soj ntsuam ntawm lub University of Maryland Human - Computer sis Lab thiab yog tseem siv niaj hnub no. Raws li cov neeg siv kov qhov screen, tawm tswv yim yog muab ua li cas yuav xaiv cov, cov neeg siv yuav tau kho txoj hauj lwm ntawm tus ntiv tes, thiab qhov kev txiav txim yuav siv sij hawm qhov chaw tsuas yog thaum tus ntiv tes yog nqa tawm qhov screen. Qhov no tso cai rau xaiv ntawm me me lub hom phaj, mus ua ib tug tib pixel rau ib tug VGA screen (txheem zoo tshaj plaws ntawm lub sij hawm).


Sears li al. (1990) muab ib tug saib xyuas ntawm kev kawm tshawb fawb nyob rau hauv ib thiab multi-kov tib neeg computer sis ntawm lub sij hawm, piav txog gestures xws li rotating nqhuag, kho sliders, thiab swiping lub screen mus qhib ib tug mus (los yog ib tug U-zoo li tus piav tes piav taw rau ib tug toggle mus). Lub University of Maryland Human - Computer sis Lab pab neeg tsim thiab kawm me me touchscreen twj remote controls (xws li ib txoj kev kawm uas tsom tias cov neeg siv yuav ntaus ntawm 25 wpm rau ib tug touchscreen keyboard piv nrog 58 wpm rau ib tug standard keyboard), li no paving txoj kev rau tus touchscreen cov twj remote controls on mobile pab kiag li lawm. Lawv kuj tsim thiab siv multitouch gestures xws li xaiv ib tug ntau yam ntawm ib tug kab, txuas khoom, thiab ib tug "kais-nias" piav tes piav taw rau xaiv thaum tswj qhov chaw nrog lwm cov ntiv tes.


Nyob rau hauv 1990 lub tsev kawm ntawv ntawm Maryland Human - Computer sis Lab pom ib tug touchscreen slider, uas tom qab raug nplua raws li ua ntej kos duab nyob rau hauv lub xauv npo patent kev taug plaub ntug ntawm Kua thiab lwm yam touchscreen mobile xov tooj cov neeg muag khoom (nyob rau hauv relation mus US Patent 7,657,849).


Nyob rau hauv c. 1991-92, lub hnub Star7 tsab PDA siv ib touchscreen nrog inertial scrolling. Nyob rau hauv 1993, lub IBM Simon-thawj touchscreen xov tooj-tau tso tawm.


Ib thaum ntxov los ntawm ib tug handheld kev ua si console nrog touchscreen ntawm lwm yam uas yog Sega lub npaj successor mus rau lub kev ua si Iav, tab sis yog tus ntaus ntawv yog thaum kawg shelved thiab yeej tsis tso vim lub kim nqi ntawm touchscreen technology nyob rau hauv thaum ntxov 1990 's. Touchscreens yuav tsis tau ncha siv rau video ua si kom txog rau thaum qhov kev tso tawm ntawm lub Nintendo DS nyob rau hauv 2004. Thaum nyuam qhuav, feem ntau neeg touchscreens yuav tsuas paub ib tug taw tes rau ib lub sij hawm, thiab ob peb muaj lub peev xwm ua kom paub yuav ua li cas nyuaj yog kov ub kov no. Qhov no tau hloov nrog lub commercialization ntawm multi-kov technology.