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Vijtsam duab tso saib Daim ntawv teev cov qauv VDCs

Mar 14, 2019

Piv txwv ntawm cov duab video controllers yog:


Video shifters


Lub Fujitsu MB14241 tau siv los ua kom yooj yim rau kev kos duab ntawm sprite rau ntau xyoo 1970s los ntawm Taito thiab Midway, xws li Kev Tua Tsiaj (1975), Hiav Hws Huv (1976) thiab Chaw Invaders (1978). Siv ib lub cev ntas tsis zoo, nws muaj peev xwm tuaj tso rau ntawm 60 lub npo ntawm kev tshuaj ntsuam, thiab nce mus txog 24 leej ntawm ib zaug.

RCA CDP1861 yog ib qho yooj yim chip, ua hauv CMOS technology (uas yog txawv rau lub nrab xyoo 1970) los txuas ntxiv rau RCA 1802 microprocessor, nws tau siv rau hauv COSMAC VIP. Nws tuaj yeem txhawb qhov kev daws teeb meem monochrome nkaus xwb.

Kev Tiv Thaiv Cov Kev Tiv Thaiv (TIA) yog kev cai video nti uas yog lub siab ntawm lub Atari 2600 console console, ib tug txheej thaum ub dhau los uas tso siab rau 6502 microprocessor los ua cov haujlwm feem ntau, kuj tau siv los tsim lub suab.


CRT Controllers


Intel 8275 CRT maub los tsis siv nyob rau hauv txhua qhov system, tab sis tau siv hauv S100 lub tsheb npav.

Lub Motorola 6845 (MC6845) yog ib qhov chaw tshaj tawm hauv xov tooj uas tsim tawm los ntawm Motorola thiab siv rau Amstrad CPC, thiab BBC Micro. Nws kuj tau siv rau yuav luag txhua tus yees duab thaum ntxov rau lub PC, xws li MDA, CGA thiab EGA adapters. Lub MDA thiab CGA siv ib qho tseeb Motorola nti, thaum lub EGA muaj kev cai IBM chipset ntawm tsib LSI chips; ib qho ntawm daim tawv nqaij muaj xws li IBM qhov rov kho dua ntawm CRTC, uas ua haujlwm zoo li MC6845 tab sis txawv hauv ob peb zwm npe chaw thiab kev ua haujlwm kom nws tsis yog 100% sib npaug. Nyob rau hauv tag nrho cov tom qab VGA tshaj adapters cov kev ua ntawm 6845 yog tseem muab tsim dua hauv cov video nti, yog li ntawd hauv ib qho tag nrho IBM PC uas muaj tshaj li PCs tseem teeb lub logic ntawm 6845 CRTC.


Video interface controllers


Cov ntawv xov xwm 2636 thiab 2637 yog cov kev sib tw video zoo tshaj plaws rau lawv siv hauv Interton VC 4000 thiab Emerson Arcadia 2001 raws li.

Lub MC687 yog ib lub tshuab tso tawm video (VDG) ua ntej los ntawm Motorola thiab siv hauv TRS-80 Xim Computer, Dragon 32/64, Laser 200 thiab Acorn Atom ntawm lwm tus.

The MOS Technology 6560 (NTSC) thiab 6561 (PAL) yog hu ua video interface controller (VIC) thiab siv hauv Commodore VIC-20.

MOS Technology 6567/8562/8564 (NTSC versions) thiab 6569/8565/8566 (PAL) raug hu ua VIC II thiab tau siv nyob hauv Commodore 64.

MOS Technology 8563/8568 tau siv nyob rau hauv Commodore 128 (8563) thiab Commodore 128D (8568) los tsim ib qho 80 kab ntawv sau, nrog rau ntau qhov kev daws teebmeem graphics. Lub Commodore 128 ua qauv muaj VIC-II los txhawb Commodore 64 hom yees duab zoo tshaj.

MOS Technology 7360 ntawv kho cov cuab yeej (TED) tau siv nyob hauv Commodore Plus / 4, Commodore 16 thiab Commodore 116 computers thiab muaj peev xwm ua suab nrov.

Tus NEC μPD7220. Siv qee lub koob yees duab ntawm qib high-end rau IBM PC hauv nruab nrab 80s, hauv cov khoom hauv Xov Tooj 9 hauv Computer.

Cov Philips semiconductors SCC66470 yog VSC (Video- thiab Systems Controller) siv ua ke nrog lawv 68070-Microcontroller xws li hauv CD-kuv lub nruab.

Lub Duab Ua Haujlwm yog ib qhov video co-processor tsim los ntawm Ricoh rau Nintendo kev siv hauv Famicom thiab Nintendo Entertainment System. Nws txuas nrog 2048 bytes ntawm nplooj siab video RAM, thiab muaj ib qho chaw nyob hauv npav uas tso cai ntxiv RAM lossis ROM kom raug nkag tau los ntawm qhov cartridge game. Lub playfield scrollable ntawm 256 × 240 pixels tau txais kev txhawb siab, nrog rau ib daim ntawv teev cov ntaub ntawv ntawm 64 OBJs (sprites), uas 8 yuav tsum tso tawm kom pom ib qho scanline.


Video coprocessors


Lub NTSWV (Alpha-Numeric TV Interface Interface Circuit Court) yog ib qho kev kaw suab thaum siv hauv Atari 8-ntsis tsev neeg ntawm microcomputers. Nws tuaj yeem nyeem "Daim ntawv sau" nrog nws tus kheej ua hauv CPU thiab siv cov ntaub ntawv no los ua kom muaj teebmeem video teebmeem.

Lub TMS9918 hu ua Video Display Processor (VDP) thiab thawj zaug tau tsim los rau Texas Instruments TI-99/4, tab sis tom qab kuj siv cov tshuab xws li MSX (MSX-1), ColecoVision, Memotech MTX series, thiab rau Sega SG-1000 thiab SC-3000. Lub Sega Master System siv cov VDP uas tau zoo tshaj los ntawm TMS9918, thiab Sega 315-5313 (Yamaha YM7101) VDP siv nyob rau hauv Sega Genesis thiab qee cov cav tsheb arcade yog ib qho kev nce qib ntxiv ntawm Master System VDP nrog cov qub (tsis zoo) TMS9918 hom tshem tawm.

Yamaha V9938 yog ib qho kev txhim kho ntawm TMS9918, thiab tau raug siv rau hauv MSX2.

Yamaha V9958 yog Vijtsam Zaub Zaub Yees Duab (VDP) siv rau hauv MSX2 thiab MSX turboR computers.

VLSI VS21S010D-L yog 128kB SPI / parallel SRAM nrog ib qho video video maub nrog sib txawv me ntsis-ntsis-ntsiab pixels thiab ib qho thaiv-blitter blitter.

Thomson EF936x series ntawm Graphic Display Processor (GDP), uas muaj tus kos cov nqi ntawm 1 lab pixels ib pliag thiab cov kev cai txog li 1024 × 512.